I’tikaaf and Lailatul Qadr


Qur`an: And We commanded Abraham and Ishmael, saying, ‘Purify My House for those who perform the circuit and those who remain therein for devotion and those who bow down and fall prostrate in Prayer.’ (2:126)

Qur`an: And relate the story of Mary as mentioned in the Book. When she withdrew from her people to a place to the east, And screened herself off from them, then We sent Our angel to her, and he appeared to her in the form of a perfect man. (19:17-18)

Hadith: “Until his death, it was a habit of the Holy Prophetsa to sit for i`tikaaf in the last 10 days of Ramadan. After his death, his wives also followed this Sunnah.” (Sahih Bukhari, Sahih Muslim)

Hadith: “I have been told that Lailatul Qadr (Night of Destiny) is in the last 10 days of Ramadan. Whoever wants to sit for i`tikaaf, should sit in these 10 days.” (Sahih Muslim)

Hadith: “We sat for i`tikaaf with the Holy Prophetsa in the middle 10 days of Ramadan. On the 20th of Ramadan we came out of i`tikaaf and the Holy Prophetsa said that I saw Lailatul Qadr in my dreams, but I cannot remember the day. But, I remember that in this night I am prostrating in water and mud (meaning it would rain). So, you should search for Lailatul Qadr in the odd days of the last 10 days.” (Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim)

Hadith: “Huzoorsa always used to perform i`tikaaf for 10 days in the month of Ramadan. The year in which he passed away, he sat for 20 days.” (Sahih Bukhari)

Hadith: “The Holy Prophetsa used to perform i`tikaaf in every Ramadan and when he would offer Fajr prayers he would sit in his place of i`tikaaf.” (Sahih Bukhari)

Hadith: “When Huzoorsa used to make the intention of i`tikaaf, he would go to the place of i`tikaaf which was prepared after offering Fajr prayer.” (Sahih Muslim)

Hadith: “There is no i`tikaaf except in a Jami` Masjid.” (Abu Dawud)

Hazrat Musleh Mau`ud (ra): “I`tikaaf can be done outside the mosque as well, but it will not be the same reward as one done in the mosque.” (Al-Fazl, 6th March, 1962)

Hadith: “One doing i`tikaaf puts himself completely under the car of Allah and says, O God! For Your sake I will not move from this place until You have mercy on me.” (Durr-e-Manthoor)

Hadith: “Whoever sits for i`tikaat for one day only for the sake of the pleasure of Allah, Allah places between him and Hell a distance of 3 ditches equal to a length of more than the distance between the East and the West.” (Durr-e-Manthoor)

Hadith: “A person who performs i`tikaaf becomes protected from the attacks of sin. He will get the reward of the good deeds which he did before i`tikaaf as if he is still performing those deeds.” (Ibn Majah)

Hadith: “It is the Sunnah for a person in i`tikaaf that he does not go to visit a sick person, attend a funeral, go unto his wife, and to not leave the mosque unless for human necessities such as to urinate. For i`tikaaf, fasting is mandatory. One should sit in i`tikaaf in a mosque where congregational prayer is offered.” (Abu Dawud)

Hadith: “Hadhrat Aishara relates that when I would come home for natural necessities and there was someone sick at home, I would ask his condition while walking.” (Ibn Majah)

Hazrat Musleh Mau`ud (ra): “I`tikaaf begins on the morning of the 20th day. Sometimes it is ten days and sometimes it is eleven days. Once the Holy Prophetsa went outside to tell his companions about the time for the acceptance of prayer when he saw two people fighting with one another. Huzoorsa said that looking at you I have forgotten the time, but said that this time can be found in the last ten days of Ramadan. Sufis have written that this time can come during other than these days as well, but during the last days of Ramadan there is a special time for the acceptance of prayer. The Promised Messiahas stated through his experience that this time comes on the 27th night of Ramadan.” (Al-Fazl, 3rd November 1914)

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