References from Hadith

“With the arrival of Ramadan, the doors of Heaven are opened up and the doors of Hell are closed shut and satans are locked in chains.” (Sahih Bukhari, Book of Fasting)

“Whoever does not refrain from lying and acting upon it during fasting, what is the need of Allah that he refrains from eating or drinking?” (Sahih Bukhari, Book of Fasting)

“Fasting is not just refraining from eating and drinking, but it also involves refraining from all vulgar and indecent talks. Thus, O one fasting! If someone swears at you or entices you with anger, tell him that I am fasting. Whosoever swears and involves in vulgar talk while fasting, then his fasting only involves starving and being thirsty, which will not benefit him a thing.” (Musnad Darmi with reference to Miskhat)

“Every act of a person is for himself, but fasting is for Me. That is why I will be its reward.” (Sahih Bukhari, Book of Fasting)

“By the Being in whose hands is the life of Muhammadsa! The odour from the mouth of a person fasting is more beloved and pure than that of musk.” (Sahih Bukhari, Book of Fasting)

“Whoever wakes up in the middle of the night, out of the demands of faith and with the intention of reward, and offers prayers and fasts, his previous sins are forgiven.” (Sahih Bukhari, Book of Fasting)

`Abdullah ibn `Amr reported that the Messenger of Allah (saw), said: “The fast and the Qur’an are two intercessors for the servant of Allah on the Day of Resurrection. The fast will say: ‘O Lord, I prevented him from his food and desires during the day. Let me intercede for him.’ The Qur’an will say: ‘I prevented him from sleeping at night. Let me intercede for him.’ And their intercession will be accepted.” [Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal]

Ibn ‘Abbas narrates, saying, “The Messenger of Allāh (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was the most generous person, and he would be at his most generous in Ramadan because Jibril would come to him every night and he would study the Qur’an with him. Truly, when Allāh’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) would meet Gabriel, he would be more generous than a fleeting wind.” [Agreed Upon]

“Jibril used to revise the Qur’an with me once every year, but this year he has revised it with me twice. I do not suspect but that my time has come. And you shall be the first of my household to join me.” (Sahih Bukhari)

“Whoever does not have the intention to fast before morning has no fast.” (Sunan Tirmidhi, Book of Fasting)

“A Fast is only considered valid for that person who has made a strong intention to fast before Fajr.” (Sunan Tirmidhi, Book of Fasting)

“Eat Sehri for there are blessings in eating Sehri.” (Sahih Bukhari, Book of Fasting)

“As long as people hasten in opening their fast, they will continue to receive the blessings and betterment thereof.” (Sahih Bukhari, Book of Fasting)

“The Jews and the Christians delay the opening of their fast. Muslims should not do this.” (Ibn Majah, Book of Fasting)

“As soon as there is darkness in the East and the day moves towards the West, and the sun disappears in the horizon, a person fasting should open his fast.” (Sahih Bukhari, Book of Fasting)

“Abi Aufaara says that I was once with Huzoorsa on a journey. After sunset, Huzoorsa told someone to bring something to open the fast with. The person told Huzoorsa to wait a little while till it gets darker. Huzoorsa said to bring the food. The person again answered that there is still light. Huzoorsaagain said to bring the food. The person brought the food and after opening the fast Huzoorsa said that after sunset when you see darkness rising from the east, then open your fast. Do not look to the west to see if light has vanished or not.” (Sahih Muslims, Book of Fasting)

“When one wants to open a fast he should open it with a date because there are blessings in it. If this is not available then open it with water because it is a thing very pure.” (Sunan Tirmidhi, Book of Fasting)

“Whoever prepares the Iftaari, he will get the same reward as for fasting, but there will be no loss in reward for the one who fasted.” (Sunan Tirmidhi, Book of Fasting)

“Whoever leaves a fast of Ramadan without any excuse, even if he fasts the rest of his life in exchange for the missed fast, he will not be able to make up for it nor will he be able to expiate the mistake.” (Musnad Darmi)

“If a person who isfasting forgetfully eats or drinks, he should not become worried. This was a provision which Allah gave to him. He does not need to make up for the fast or offer any expiation.” (Dar Qutni, Book of Fasting)